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الرئيسية » English » مشاركة * محمد البيكم * في فعاليات ندوة دولية تحت عنوان * صنع في ارض النزاع * داخل مقر الاتحاد الاوروبي Contribution OF Mohmed Elbaikam Today in front of the EU Parliament: ¨Made in the Conflict¨

مشاركة * محمد البيكم * في فعاليات ندوة دولية تحت عنوان * صنع في ارض النزاع * داخل مقر الاتحاد الاوروبي Contribution OF Mohmed Elbaikam Today in front of the EU Parliament: ¨Made in the Conflict¨

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ادلى نائب رئيس جمعية مراقبة الثروات و حماية البيئة بالصحراء الغربية * محمد البيكم *  بشهادته داخل مقرالبرلمان الاوروبي ، خلال مشاركته في فعاليات ندوة دولية تحت عنوان *  صنع في ارض النزاع  *تطرقت الندوة الى مجموعة من المواضيع الهامة ، وخصوصا المتعلقة  باتفاقية الصيد البحري و الفلاحة بين الاتحاد الاوروبي و المغرب ، حيث تمحورت حول الاطار القانوني للاتفاقيات  ومدى استفادة الشعب الصحراوي من هذه الاتفاقيات ،

و وزع  محمد البيكم على الحضور  ، رسالة  موجهة من جمعية مراقبة الثروات و حماية البيئة بالصحراء الغربية الى الاتحاد الاوروبي ، تذكر من خلالها الجمعية الاتحاد الاوروبي بمسؤولياته القانونية والاخلاقية و المعنوية ، وتنبه  الى خطورة سريان  اتفاقية  الصيد البحري المبرمة مع المغرب و التي انتهك فيها الاتحاد الاوروبي القانون الدولي  وساعد على شرعنة الاحتلال  باقليم الصحراء الغربية الذي لم تستكمل فيه تصفية الاستعمار ، حيث يستخدم المغرب عائدات هذه الاتفاقيات من اجل تغيير النمو الديمغرافي باقليم الصحراء الغربية عبر دعم وتشجيع الاستيطان .

ان المغرب لايمتلك أي سند قانوني في الاقليم  ، هو فقط مجرد قوة احتلال  بحكم الواقع ، فضلا على انه  لا يحترم  اهم اركان  الاستشارة القانونية للمستشار القانوني للامم المتحدة السيد هانس كوريل الذي  اكد على ضرورة استشارة الشعب الصحراء مع مراعاة مصالحه بالدرجة الاولى و استفادته من ثرواته ، كما نوهت  الجمعية باستقلال القضاء الاوروبي من خلال الحكم القضائي  لمحكمة العدل الاوروبية ، وفي الاخير ناشدت جمعية مراقبة الثروات وحماية البيئة الاتحاد الاوروبي بما يتحلى به من من مثل عليا و احترام للديمقراطية والقانون ان يسعى جادا الى الضغط على المغرب من اجل ايجاد حل للنزاع باقليم الصحراء الغربية .

عن حمعية مراقبة الثروات وحماية البيئة بالصحراء الغربية

Saharawi Association for the Monitoring of the Resources and for the Protection of the Environment in Western Sahara   ( AMRPENWS)

 

El-Aaiun, Western Sahara, 23rd May, 2016.

 

To: The European Parliament,

Brussels, Belguim

 

Re: Saharawi Natural Resources and the EU.

 

                                                                                    Open Letter

 

Dear Sir and Madam,

 

     We are writing to you to let you know that Saharawi Association for the Monitoring of the Resources and for the Protection of the Environment in Western Sahara (AMRPENWS) is very pleased to address this letter reminding you of your legal, ethical and moral obligations towards the people of Western Sahara when it comes to its natural resources and the respect of the international law.

As you may all know, Western Sahara is the only non-self-governing territory on the African continent still awaiting the completion of its process of decolonization and, as such, the committee established for the implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples for more than fifty years now has listed it.

Morocco has been relentlessly trying to change the demographics of Western Sahara. The 40 million Euros given as a compensation by the EU, as part of the fisheries deal, is used to unbalance the demography of the regions in Western Sahara which has been greatly and noticeably modified due to Moroccan settlement and lack of integration of the Saharawi population. Under Geneva conventions, Morocco has no right as outpour Moroccan settlers into a disputed territory. This makes the EU as accomplice in the legalizing of the Moroccan presence in Western Sahara in contradiction with the international law and the UN resolutions.

Morocco as a de facto administrator power in the territory, is plundering the natural resources of the territory of Western Sahara while continuing to ignore two basic principles:1-The consultation of the people of Western Sahara and its representatives .2- The direct benefit of the people of Western Sahara. Morocco’s use of the natural resources of the territory constitutes a clear case of violation of international law, and is undermining the international legality .All economic activities and natural resources exploitation are in disregard of the interests and wishes of the local population.

EU enters into an agreement which covers also a territory over which Morocco has no legal status, and hence has no competence to make any agreement with regard to resources found in it . EU-Morocco Fisheries Partnership Agreement can only be sees as a de facto recognition of Morocco’s continuing control and presence in Western Sahara.

 

Over fifty percent of Morocco’s exports go to the European Union. Among them are products from Moroccan- controlled enterprises in Western Sahara, which are labeled “Made in Morocco.¨. Such labeling violates international law and the relevant bilateral agreements. All of the ‘Made in Morocco’ products available in the European markets have to be strictly made in Morocco and not made or grown in Western Sahara.

 

The EU Court of Justice annuls the Moroccan agreement on export opportunities in agricultural and fishery products to the EU. AMRPENWS welcomes such a ruling and value highly the European justice independency and impartiality. The Court stated that the EU hadn’t carried out its duties to ensure it considered all aspects of the deal, including its impact on the fundamental rights of the people of Western Sahara and who actually own the region’s natural resources.

While the ruling is currently being appealed, the case illustrates to what extent some European countries are still adopting the double standards policy impeding any progress in the Western Sahara conflict resolution.

The Committee on Fisheries confirms that, according to data reported under the FPA, EU member states have declared that catches are taking place in areas off the coast of Western Sahara. EU-flagged vessels have fished in the waters off Western Sahara.

 

Recommendations:

 

The EU Legal Service should conduct a comprehensive assessment whether financial contributions under the FPA are being used for the benefit of the people of Western Sahara.

 

The EU should obtain and gather information regarding Morocco’s use of sums received under the FPA, and check into the pathways of such compensations money as Morocco was never asked where and how the money has been sent.

 

The EU should consider issues of state responsibility and individual criminal liability under international law for unlawful dealings with natural resources in Western Sahara by Moroccan and foreign companies. Silence about such activities and unethical activities is by far a complicity in prolonging the Saharawi plight, and is hindering any efforts to solve the conflict of Western Sahara.

 

AMRPENWS urges the EU to label products originating from Western Sahara as: Made in Western Sahara instead of lying to the European consumer while labeling them as: Made in Morocco.

 

All EU members are the beacon of justice and democracy, and thus should carry on their moral and ethical obligation to help in finding a resolution to the Western Sahara conflict by using pressure on Morocco and making sure that Foreign companies are respecting the international law when trying to conduct business in the disputed territory of Western Sahara.

 

The EU members should diversify their interlocutors and not limit it to one side. Morocco is always giving false information and is presenting unreliable pro-Moroccan made elite to speak on our behalf. There are many Saharawi associations that are very active but are banned by Morocco and not allowed to register legally in Western Sahara.

 

EU agreed to compensate Morocco fully when fishing in the Saharawi waters. It will be very ethical and very legal to allocate some of these funds and sums of money to go to the Sahaarwis in the refugee camps. They are also rightful owners of such resources and cannot be isolated or ignored in any agreements or deals.

 

EU members should live up to there set standards and values. Therefore, appealing court’s ruling is only contributing to the escalation of tension, frustration and anger amongst Sahaarwis. Such a reaction from the Saharawis, in the future, might only lead to uncalculated consequences. Some EU members should abide by the court’s ruling and show respect to the international legality.

 

                                               Signature:

 

                                   Mohamed Elbaikam

                             Vice-President of AMRPENS

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